- The 2010 Census records 16,276 population in Rabun County a 8.1% increase over 2000 population
- According to the 2010 Census, 93.3% of Rabun County residents were white and 1.0% were black. Hispanics, who can be identified as either white or black in the Census data, made up 8.0% of the county's population. Statewide, 59.7% of residents were white, 30.5% were black and 8.8% were Hispanic.
- In Rabun County, 21.1% of the county’s residents were age 18 or younger, while 21.3% were age 65 or older. Statewide, 25.7% were age 18 or younger and 10.7% were age 65 or older.
- 91.7% of the population lived in the same house over 1 year between 2006 and 2010
- 80.5% of the population graduated from high school of persons 25 or older.
- 24.7% of the population had a Bachelor's degree or above
- There were 1,723 veterans living in Rabun County in 2010.
- There were 7,148 households and 2.25 persons per household in 2010.
- The per Capita money income in the 12 preceding months of the 2010 census was $22,471.
- The median household income was $34,406, with 18.5% of the population living below the poverty level.
- Between 2001 and 2005, Rabun County school system reported an average high school dropout rate of 6.6% for students in grades 9 to 12. Statewide, this rate is 5.6% for the same period of time.
- Rabun County spent an average of $7,368 per student for public education each year between 2001 and 2005, while the statewide average was $6,603.
- Based on the 2004 graduating class for that county school system, 50.9% of the students were eligible for the HOPE Scholarship Program. The scholarship is available to eligible students to attend a post-secondary school in Georgia. Statewide, 62.0% of the graduating students were eligible for the HOPE scholarship.
- Between 2000 and 2004, the infant mortality rate (infant deaths per 1,000 live births) was 7.6 for the county. The statewide rate was 8.6 during the same period.
- In 2002, the number of physicians in the county per 100,000 population was 122.4, compared to the 192.6 statewide average. Rabun County had 1.6 hospital beds per 1,000 population in 2004, which was less than the statewide average of 2.7 hospital beds per 1,000 population.
- The 2004 index crime rate (crimes per 1,000) for Rabun County was 21.9. Statewide, in 2004, the rate was 40.8. Of the total index crimes reported for that county, 6.0% were violent crimes, while 94.0% were property crimes.
- In 2004, 70.2% of the adult population in the county was registered to vote. 57.0% of the voting-age adult population for Rabun County voted in the 2004 general election. Statewide, 70.6% of eligible Georgians were registered to vote, while 55.1% of those eligible voted in the general election that year.